Similar Titles
  • Polymer Materials Consultant
  • Research and Development Scientist (R and D Scientist)
  • Research Scientist
  • Glass Scientist
  • Ceramic Scientist
  • Metallurgical Scientist
  • Polymer Scientist
  • Composites Engineer
  • Biomaterials Scientist
  • Nanomaterials Scientist
Job Description

Materials scientists study the structures and chemical properties of natural or synthetic materials (e.g. metals, rubber, ceramics, glass, etc.) in order to determine the quality of manufactured products, improve products and develop new products. These tasks may involve strengthening or combining materials to improve their efficacy.

Rewarding Aspects of Career
  • Satisfaction from being  involved in a project from its conception to the final outcome
  • Working with, and learning from, other professionals from a variety of fields (e.g. engineers and processing specialists)
  • Intellectual stimulation
The Inside Scoop
Job Responsibilities


  • Basic research: plan and execute research on the structures, composition and properties of materials (e.g. metals, ceramics, alloys, lubricants and polymers) 
  • Applied research: use information obtained from basic research to develop new products or improve existing ones
  • Record detailed notes throughout the research process


  • Use computer modeling to study the response of various materials to applied forces or other treatments
  • Conduct tests on materials to ensure they meet safety and quality standards
  • Determine the efficacy of combined materials or newly developed materials when used in products and applications


  • Prepare technical and detailed reports that indicate methods and findings, to be used by other scientists, sponsors, and/or customers
  • May also have to verbally/visually present findings to other scientists
Skills Needed

Soft Skills

  • Critical thinking
  • Deductive reasoning
  • Written and oral communication
  • Organization/Time-management

Hard Skills

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mathematics

Technical Skills

  • Computer modeling software 
  • Analytical/Scientific software (e.g. SPSS)
  • Spreadsheet software (e.g. Excel)
Different Types of Organizations
  • Industrial manufacturing company
  • Government
  • Academia (Universities/Colleges)
  • Research and development for companies engaged with the physical, engineering, and life sciences
Expectations and Sacrifices

Dedicating a lot of time to studying and training

Current Trends
  • 3D printing with more than plastic (e.g. glass, ceramic)
  • New materials for consumer electronics (e.g. constructing smartphones with ceramics and glass)
2016 Employment
2026 Projected Employment
Education and Training Needed

Basic Requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree in a related field (e.g. Chemistry, Materials Science, Materials Engineering) for entry-level jobs. 
    • Requisite courses for attaining skills in computer modeling, which is heavily relied upon in research and development programs. Also courses in organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry, along with plenty of math, physics, biological sciences, computer science, and labs. 
  • O*Net reports that 38% of Material Scientists have a bachelor’s, 24% a master’s, and 24% a PhD
  • College programs should ideally be accredited by the American Chemical Society
  • Many employers will provide new employees with on-the-job training specific to their function within the organization
    • Lab work is often done via internships, cooperative programs, or work-study experiences 


  • Some fast tracked programs offer a combined bachelor’s/master’s in Chemistry, accelerated 4+1 BS/Master’s dual degree programs.
  • Some Chemistry programs offer a specialization in Materials Science

Career Advancement

Things to do during high school/college
  • In high school, load up on advanced classes in chemistry, math, and computer science to prepare for college
  • In college, gain experience in lab research through internships, fellowships, or work-study programs
  • Map out your career goals to determine if you’ll want or need a graduate degree
  • Decide if you want to do an accelerated dual degree bachelor’s/master’s
  • Determine which learning method works better for you — in-person, online, or hybrid. Some students may opt to do their undergrad degree in person and their master’s online
  • Work with your academic advisors on appropriate electives to bolster your major 
  • Figure out what you want to specialize in, such as ceramics, glasses, metals, nanomaterials, polymers, and semiconductors
  • Join professional organizations such as the American Chemical Society to network, stay engaged, and discover opportunities
  • Keep up with industry trends by reading the Journal of Materials Science, Materials Today, and other relevant publications 
Typical Roadmap
Material Scientist Roadmap
How to land your 1st job
  • College summer/semester internships allow for networking within a company: Build connections during these internship to gain references and potentially roll into a full-time position after graduation
  • Networking is also facilitated through college/university activities and events. Work with your school’s career center to find jobs, polish your resume, and practice interviewing.
  • LinkedIn: Prospective employers view your profile, so make sure it is updated and effectively reflects your skills and accomplishments. Make sure you check your messages regularly too.
  • Online applications- typically through job search engines, e.g. Monster (type up your info, attach a PDF of your resumé, and send it off)
  • Old-school method: get in your car, drive up to the office with a copy of your resumé. Keep appearing at the office if that is what it takes. This is also the best way to see the work environment and what you’ll be doing, to determine if you really want to work at that location
  • Consider where Materials Scientists are employed! 25% of workers are employed in R&D, 15% in chemical manufacturing, 14% in company management, 10% in computer/electronic product manufacturing, and 7% in architectural, engineering, or related services
  • Move to where the jobs are! The Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that the highest concentration of jobs for Materials Scientists are Delaware, New Hampshire, Washington, Maryland, and Iowa. The states with the highest employment levels are New York, California, Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Washington
  • BLS also notes that Materials Scientists will be increasingly needed to help in the energy and transportation sectors, and in electronics industries
  • Review Materials Scientist resume templates for ideas
  • Make certain your resume is impactful, compelling, error-free, and contains plenty of stats and details
  • Look for opportunities on Indeed, Glassdoor, and other job portals. Advertise your availability on LinkedIn, too
  • Ask potential references in advance before giving out their contact info
  • Review Materials Scientist common interview questions like “How do you determine the best combination of materials for a particular project?” Think about how you’d answer the tough questions!
  • Practice mock interviews so you can present yourself as well-prepared and confident
  • Go over the applicable terminology for materials science
What it really takes to make it and succeed
  • Being detail-oriented
  • Ability to work independently
  • High degree of mental focus
  • Natural aptitude in science and statistics
Plan B

Apart from research, professionals trained in materials science may work in materials/chemical engineering or education


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